HomeInformativeWhat Are Some Of The Most Difficult Surgeries To Perform?

What Are Some Of The Most Difficult Surgeries To Perform?

Performing surgical operations is not an easy job. It takes dexterity, focus, nimbleness, and an excellent team of medical professionals who have great camaraderie to make a surgery successful. Even one of the simplest surgeries can be difficult to accomplish since there are some external factors besides the surgical team’s skill that could worsen the patient’s condition such as the patient’s heart rate which could rapidly decrease.

Basically, surgery is a daunting responsibility that deals with trying to perform a surgery whilst maintaining the homeostasis of the patient but thanks to the excellent medical practitioners with their excellent skills

One of the Hardest Surgeries To Perform

There is no easy type of surgery however there are some who are extremely critical which takes more skill, concentration, and patience since most of these surgical operations occupy so much time in the operation room and the surgical team’s sanity.

  • Craniectomy

This kind of surgery focuses on the superior part of the body, the utmost top, the skull. Craniectomy is a kind of surgery that removes a small morsel of the skull in order to operate on the brain and look for the cause of the problem inside the central nervous organ. This kind of surgery is considered difficult and dangerous since the brain is consists of extremely delicate veins. One wrong move while holding any sharp surgical tool could risk more problems in the brain. Another reason as to why craniectomy is a risky surgery is because it puts the patient at a risk for having brain infection.

This surgery was not performed so often before to immediately treat any problem in brain but due to the advancement of technology, performing this surgery was made easier with a duration of 3 up to 5 hours.

  • Thoracic aortic dissection repair

This next difficult surgery is a kind of an open-heart surgery that takes about 4 to 6 hours to accomplish although in a more difficult case, the open-heart surgery could take up to 8 hours.

Thoracic aortic dissection repair is known to be difficult and high at risk for failure since the heart is extremely delicate. One wrong nick at the aorta, the main artery of a person’s body, could send the surgery downhill and could risk the patient of losing blood. If the damages from a single error in this surgery persists, it could lead to stroke.

  • Oesophagectomy

For the next difficult surgical operation, this one focuses on removing a part or the whole esophagus, a tube that is responsible for transporting food from a person’s throat to the stomach, due to cancer.

Oesophagectomy takes about 4 up to 6 hours of time in the operation room and this surgery is performed for the purposes of the inhibition of cancer cells in esophagus to further spread from one organ to another. This surgery might also include lymph node removal.

This surgery can put the patient at a risk for infection in the stomach and lungs since the esophagus’s proximity to the said organs are pretty close. One wrong incision in this surgery could lead the fluids leaking down to other organs which could cause clots and infections.

  • Spinal osteomyelitis surgery

The purpose of this study is to remove an infection the spine called spinal osteomyelitis that can be caused by a bacteria called Staphylococcus Aureus and it can actually be treated by antibiotics. This infection is rare but it is a dangerous cause of back pain for a person who has this spine infection.

Mind you, the spine consists of millions of nerve network which is why a single or the most minute mistake that could occur in this surgery could put the patient at a dangerous risk of paralysis or worsening the infection.

  • Bladder cystectomy

This kind of surgery is mostly performed on male patients especially those who are of old age since they are at a higher risk for urinary bladder cancer and the purpose of this surgery is to remove a portion the bladder which has cancer or to fully remove the bladder instead.

The effect of this surgery if the bladder is only partially removed, well the bladder would become smaller and the patient who have undergone this surgery will most likely to use the comfort room more often since the bladder has got a lower capacity to carry wastes longer.

As for those who had their bladder entirely removed, they could use the alternative way of emptying the bladder by urostomy, done by a surgical procedure to create an opening in the abdominal wall. This way, the urine directed in here instead of the non existing bladder.

This surgery could put the patient at a risk for having infections in the abdominal lining since the waste product go through there.

  • Gastric bypass

The next procedure is something that focuses on helping a patient lose weight through the process of changing how the their stomach and small intestine could handle food. The reason why this surgery is difficult and dangerous due to the proximity of these organs are to each other and how it could  possibly infect the other organs if the stomach and small intestines really did get infected.

  • Separating conjoined twins

For the last hardest and risky surgery, this is a kind of procedure has the responsibility of saving two lives in once surgery. As amazing as it sounds, this is a very daunting surgery especially if the twins are joined at the head or at the chest which contains one of the most crucial and delicate organs of the body.

This surgery takes about 24 hours in the operation room and it can also go way beyond that since surgeons must take the time to equally distribute some parts of the body that the twins has shared such as the veins or perhaps the bones.

Separation of conjoined twins is a high risk surgery for mortality due to its different side effects on one of twins. The other twin could get better after surgery, while the other might experience some conditions that could possibly end their lives.

Sources:

https://www.uclahealth.org/urology/radical-cystectomy

https://mayfieldclinic.com/pe-craniotomy.htm

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