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9 Types Of Surgery

Introduction

Many of you may know how the lack of Penicillin led to the death of thousands of soldiers in World War 1 due to wound infections getting worst.

Medical science has now come a long way in terms of medicines and surgical methods. So, let’s discuss about the major types of surgery that are most popular.

Types Of Surgery

Cholecystectomy

It is the removal of gall bladder. The surgery is usually done to relieve symptoms like pain caused by stones in the bladder and other related conditions.

After it is done, the patient is monitored and it is also possible that he or she may be discharged on the day of operation itself. The first ever Cholecystectomy was performed in 1882 in Berlin.

Hysterectomy

Another removal surgery that involves taking out of the uterus. Also, as many of you may have guessed, it is performed by a gynaecologist.

Obviously, when someone who undergoes this procedure cannot have kids in the future. Reasons for which is done are fibroids, bleeding (irregular) and endometriosis.

There are a large number of techniques that are available to carry it out.

Angioplasty

When a person has blockage in his or her arteries or veins (mainly arteries), angioplasty is done with the help of a stent to relieve the associated stress.

What is done is that the stent is taken to the region where there is blockage and then inflated to increase the area available for the passage of blood.

Procedures like this are a living testimony of how far surgical science has progressed. It is also one of the most popular surgeries throughout the globe.

Bone Repair

This isn’t something that anyone would feel intuitively to be done to a lot of people but it is one of the most popular surgery types.

Fractures like hip fracture have a high chance of requiring surgical corrections. There are other methods like reinforcing bones using metal components too.

Circumcision

While many may think that is only performed for purely religious reasons, there are parents who want it done for other associated medical benefits.

The cost of it is nominal and perhaps one of the least one that is there. For those who don’t know, circumcision is the removal of foreskin from the male genital.

It is highly recommended that circumcision be done by a medical professional as it will avoid any complications that may happen if someone from a non-medical background does it.

Joint Replacement

As the name itself suggests, it is the replacement of existing joints with artificial ones. Mostly it is carried out for the knee joints and hip joint.

There is a notion that only old people need joint replacement surgery but that isn’t the case. Accidents may warrant youngsters to have it too.

C-Section

C-Section or Caesarian Section is allegedly said to have gotten its name from the fact that Julius Caeser was born this way.

It involves making an incision to deliver the baby than natural birth since there are some associated complications.

The complications can one or more of the following:

  • Placenta related complications
  • Abnormal blood pressure
  • If the woman is pregnant with more than one child
  • And many other reasons that may negatively affect the process

Cataract Removal

Before cataract surgery became prevalent, those with affected natural eye lens used to go blind.

The cataract removal process involves the removal of the hazy lens and insertion of a new clean one. There is a choice that you have though.

Either you can choose a multifocal lens or a unifocal lens.

Feel free to check this article that has FAQ related to cataract surgery in case you wish to get answers to commonly asked questions.

Final Words

These are some of many surgeries that are performed for one reason or the other by surgeons all throughout the world.

Nevertheless, it should be noted that this list isn’t exhaustive and as a matter fact, new types of surgeries also get into the field every few years.

If you feel that there were some other popular types of surgery that should have been included in this article, then do let us know.

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