Nowadays there are advanced and new forms of surgeries. The advancement has lead to better and more accurate surgery options. This has led to improved quality of life, better disease control, and fewer post-surgery complications. It is now easier for people to go about any type of surgery without worrying about its complications and after-surgery issues.
Laparoscopic surgery is one of these types of advanced surgeries that are now being used. It is a less invasive type of surgery which is also known as a keyhole because of the small cut that is made. Open surgery is also been used in various health institutions however its popularity is slowly and gradually fading away. Open surgery is a more invasive method and bigger cuts are made as compared to laparoscopic surgery.
In this article, I am going to compare these two types of surgeries to determine the best one.
In laparoscopic surgery, a small incision is made the size of a keyhole. A laparoscope is then used to show images of the interior parts of the surgical area. The surgeon now inserts different types of equipment in the small incision and conducts the surgery as guided by the images gotten from the laparoscope.
Laparoscopic surgery is a modern way of surgery that is being embraced all over the world. It provides more benefits compared to open-source traditional surgery.
Benefits of Laparoscopic Surgery
There are several benefits of laparoscopic surgery, these include;
It Has Minimal Post Operation Complications
A study conducted revealed that patients who underwent this type of surgery had fewer complications after the surgery. They also had improved their quality of life. The minimum incision is made and therefore it means that the recovery will be a bit shorter and less complicated compared to open all traditional surgery.
Less Invasive Procedure
Laparoscopic surgery is a less invasive procedure compared to traditional or open surgeries. It uses advanced surgical instruments which are very accurate and make small cuts compared to traditional methods. Laparoscopic surgery incision is about a quarter inch. Several decisions can be made during an operation. Some incisions are used to insert imaging devices so that the surgeon can see what’s happening inside your body.
It’s Less Painful
Pain is a part of any surgery but with laparoscopic surgery it is minimal. Fewer cuts are made and therefore less pain during and after the surgery. It also means that you will not need to use pain medications after the surgery. Scars from laparoscopic surgery are small and heal quickly and easily.
Less Exposure To Internal Organs
With laparoscopic surgery, the export of the internal organs is minimal therefore chances of contamination are very low. This means that the chances of getting complications and side effects are minimized.
The Stay At The Hospital Is Short
Open all traditional surgery requires patients to stay in the hospital for about two weeks to one month. This allows the doctor to have a closer examination before they can release you. With laparoscopic surgery, you will be able to go home in one or two days after the surgery.
Get Back To You Normal Life Easily
Another benefit of laparoscopic surgery is that he’ll be able to get back to your normal day-to-day activities easily. Depending on the type of surgery that you’re going to get the recovery time is short. No complication and therefore no need to stop what you do you just need a few days of rest and from there you can go back to your daily life.
Disadvantages of Laparoscopic Surgery
Despite having several advantages to the patient laparoscopic surgery also has a few disadvantages that you should be aware of.
Less Movement Range
Surgeons do not have the freedom and the extensive range of movement as in traditional surgery. This means that they will be constrained to a very small space.
Surgeons Don’t Have Control Of The Pressure To Apply
In open surgery, the surgeon has the access to the tissues they can feel and then determine the kind of pressure to apply while cutting. On the other hand in laparoscopic surgery, it becomes difficult to determine the amount of pressure to apply.
In laparoscopic, there is a poor depth perception and it becomes difficult to judge the depth to go. It also requires high skills and concentration because of a slight mistake, so many things can go wrong.
This is a more traditional type of surgery area by a surgeon who cuts into the tissue through open up the area of operation and has a clear view of the organs and tissues involved. The incision is made using a scalper and it can be about 3 to 4 inches wide depending on the type of surgery being conducted.
Open surgery has not been entirely abandoned because it is also used. The surgeons are skilled enough to conduct the surgery regardless of the surgery method they are going to use. Open incision surgery is also used interchangeably with laparoscopic surgery depending on the situation that may arise during the surgery.
A surgery may start as minimally invasive but end up and becoming an open surgery if a complication arises or the surgery sees it necessary.
Benefits of Open Surgery
Open surgery also has some benefits that make it still relevant in today’s modern world. Some of these include;
Tissue repairs and organ repair cannot be done using minimally invasive surgery. Open surgery will be needed to make a surgery elective.
Open surgery provides the surgeon with a better view of the surgical area to make the right decision while removing or repairing tissues.
Open surgery is important in cases where materials are to be inserted into one’s body because they provide a larger opening.
Traditional open procedures are highly invasive and hence recovering from this type of surgery takes a bit longer compared to less invasive laparoscopic surgery. There are seven instances where open surgery will be the only option depending on the type of surgery you are about to get.
The best thing to do is to talk to your doctor and discuss the options available that are best for your specific situation.